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Battle of Gettysburg

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Battle of Gettysburg is one of the greatest battles that were fought during a period of three consecutive days, between July 1 and July 3 in the year 1863. This was within a town known as   Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Battle of Gettysburg had the most number of casualties involved and had the largest number of civilians who were involved in the small town of Gettysburg. It is also well addressed as American civil war of the century and it was one of the biggest turning points of America economical and political turmoil’s. This battle constituted force of Potomac that was led by union Major George Meade Gordon and the army of Northern Virginia led by General Robert E. lee of confederate army.In this Battle of Gettysburg  Gordon George   Meade  defeated the army of Northern Virginia  through chasing away the army and terrorizing them thus ending the dreadful invasion that had been planned to be carried out by gen lee in the north region.

History of the Battle of Gettysburg can be well explained as follows; firstly we start off with activities lee carried on. In 1863 lee had succeeded at Chancellorsville area near Virginia had he thus had a motivation to go and try his second invasion that he planned on the northern side at Gettysburg. He had bigger ambitions of influencing northern side and also as a source of power through defeat of various towns.  Lee intended to force the other forces to stop war prosecutions and also insinuate fear into them. On the other side of the Northern army, which was led by major George  Meade, who had just replaced Joseph Hooker under President Abraham Lincoln orders there were strategic war patterns set in place ready to face their opponent.

James Stuart Montgomery. The Shaping of a Battle: Gettysburg. Philadelphia: Chilton Company, 1959. 251-259.

This battle had the most horrific turn out of events as colleagues and friends clashed resulting to enmity as they fought bravely in the battle of nerve and strategy. Casualties reached up to a maxim mum of 53,000 most were wounded or captured as the battle of Gettysburg went on. This civil war turned tides to the rule that took place and this favor led them up to their eventual victory.

How did the civil war start?  The Battle of Gettysburg started all of a suddenby both the northern side and the Potomac army colliding Gettysburg; there was major stampede and fire exchange during the first of July 1863 in the town of Gettysburg. Lee  engaged in pursuit so as to completely destroy the northern army. There was strong defense in the Low ridges which was mainly properly guarded by union cavalry and also boosted by presence of corps who were of  good reinforcement to the  towns weak points of the battle.  On  second day of the battle of Gettysburg of which had the most number of army personnel’s from both sides gathering around due to the momentum of the war. Both armies created defensive union lines like fishhooks and lunched attacks. This battle demonstration escalated into full assaults in Culp’s hill as Robert Lee launched attacks

During the last day on July 3, battles raged through out on Culp’s hill, confederates assaulted the union lines by orders from Robert E. Lee who thought they would outnumber their opponent as the cavalry battle shifted between east and the south. Confederates army forced themselves to the center of the union lines of the northern army and charged aimlessly at full speed on the army but there was strong repulse from the union and this led to torturous defeat of the confederate army.   

James Stuart Montgomery. The Shaping of a Battle: Gettysburg. Philadelphia: Chilton Company, 1959. 251-259.

There were exaggerations in the Battle of Gettysburg of the Confederate atrocities at Pennsylvania as number of casualties is sometimes over stated due to insufficient knowledge on the actual no of Americans from which side who were killed.The authors mostly describes of how the  Confederates were charged by the armies in   short distance between their union lines and the fort, confederates assisted one another in scaling the parapet, and this was there low point in the battle as they were fired into by the northern army thus they ended up surrendering and running towards the streets in fear of being captured and made war slave. Victory came to the commander in Gen. George Meade at as the other forces surrendered.

In this regard we will discuss on the aspects of civil war that occurs in Battle of Gettysburg and their overall effects to the government country as a whole. These aspects mainly constitute of military dealings in the war and what type of equipments that were used generally, then to the political control that surrounded the aftermaths of the war , and the cultural or social dynamics’ in the midst of the battle of Gettysburg . This war was high regarded by both political powers and it needed to be fully followed up and analyzed by different individuals concerning its repercussions and what it resulted to thereafter. To fully know the structural arrangement that were carried on there was need for sufficient geographical knowledge that was needed to prepare the armies for attacks and to lunch assaults without being submerged.

In this bloodiest battle ever several work units tried to study principles that were followed in the battle of Gettysburg and returned to their homeland having acquired the spoils of learning.

Charles Clifford Fennell, Jr. The Attack and Defense of Culp’s Hill: Greene’s Brigade at the Battle of Gettysburg. Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Dissertation Services, 1992. V.


To start with let first focus on political stimulations that followed the war. There was an in surge political knowledge that resulted in the battle of Gettysburg. We will deal on the leadership qualities that were portrayed by both the leaders of the battle, namely General Robert E. Lee and Major Gen. George Meade. These leadership qualities assist as in knowing why lee was defeated and what tactics were used to ensure the overall results of the war.

In aspect of leadership a good leader recognizes that accountability and responsibility is his solemn work and thus his subordinates have to get ideas and opinions’ concerning what goes on during the course of leadership. He should be able to know who are expected to carry out specific duties and thus he knows that sense of ownership must be bestowed to individuals and ensure that management decisions are empowered to ensure fulfillment of organizational goals and team synergy.

One would ask if General Lee would either take an offensive posture or embrace his defensive schema. General Lee lacked battle plan this was resulted due to his ambiguous comprehensive plans. He lacked good leadership ties and communication tactics this is seen where he decided to keep his own counsel and did not give insufficient advice to his closest subordinates. One of his able subordinates Lt. General James Longstreet, received misgivings from Gen lee who did not listen to his subordinates advice and this led to autonomous approach to northern army and uncharacteristic battle plan, which resulted to poor performance of the his southern battle at Gettysburg.

Bruce Catton. The Battle of Gettysburg by Frank A. Haskell Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1958.

In comparison Major George Gordon Meade, had good readership characteristics, this is well portrayed where he gave fair considerations to opinions of his fellow commandment officers and took a consensus approach to the battle of Gettysburg. In the course of day three he was able to push his army to cemetery ridge and made a frontal assault.  Major George Gordon Meade had astonishing leadership ties as he had just took over the control of the Potomac army just days before the Battle of Gettysburg and he maintained his position to the rest of the war time. This can be traced back to his strong political military strategist and his reputable education as a western engineer. He had a receptivity characteristic that was a well behavior mechanism that made the battle of Gettysburg fruitful.

Also on political front we can disguise on private communications and encouragements that need to be carried on so as to exact the power to be followed. General Robert E. Lee encouraged Major General Stuart when he arrived on the battle scene, thus he was able to end the tête-à-tête through praises to Stuart due to his contribution and fortitude to the army, which drove Stuart away filled with words of encouragement.  This explains of thoughtless of a leader has he fixes problem instead of becoming a blamer.

Respect and companionship characteristics are considered as leadership’s qualities that need to be learnt by political elite individuals. Concern shown by the leader to his subordinates suggests a good implication to the others as one tries to emphasize with them. Union colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain of Main was a professor who took a leave and joined the Maine infantry and exercised strong interpersonal communications at the battle of Gettysburg.

Bruce Catton. The Battle of Gettysburg by Frank A. Haskell Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1958.

Colonel Chamberlain was compassionate to his colleagues and was able to allow them opportunity to give their grievances, thereby winning their trust and persuaded the weary men to race back again to the battle stations. Colonel Chamberlain gave aspects of how political behavior should be carried out at an elevated position so as to ensure loyal patterns of behavior from their followers in any critical situation. The political nature of the war led to famous president Abraham Lincoln quotes of “Government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth,”

President Lincoln  debunked the famous political quote  as he was on train to Pennsylvania and informed  gatherings of how drafting of Gettysburg address was carried on to commemorate famous Gettysburg reports that were drafted in papers in  Washington DC at the back of the page. On the political outlook we can tell by convergence of different nationalities on the southern Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg. Leaders toil under harsh conditions so as to ensure well being of enterprises and also continuous vitality of the battle of Gettysburg.

We can conclude on this aspect of political aspect by storming on metaphorical aspects of environment. As we can conclude from this war commensurate risk is evidential in this battle of Gettysburg and this confirms that it is an essential requirement followed by high profile readership roles. Notable example from Gettysburg battle is seen where Major General John pursued the confederate army and assisted the besieged colleague even after being outnumbered. This portrays example of efficient leadership strong holds.

Bruce Catton. The Battle of Gettysburg by Frank A. Haskell Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1958.


Aspect of military tactics that can be concluded from this war can be portrayed from both the Potomac and the union armies, military strategist and tactician was the order of the day. This is mostly constituted of communication skills and level of language development through use of sighs that ought to be involved n the war. Military strategic plans should be well analyzed and geographical tabulations done to avoid loose heads and ensure constant knowledge on battle location and navigation boundaries.

General Lee had an ambiguous communication language in Gettysburg campaign, he gave out unfulfilled orders that were not well thought of to Lieutenant General Richard Ewell during the start of the war, and this failed as it was not practical to attack the northern army frontal forces that were well positioned at the cemetery ridge. In military plan there should be a well stipulated plan to the subordinates to ensure practicable enemy assaults lines, and ensure proper reinforcements positions so as to be able to take advantage of the enemy lines and offer tactful defense.

Examples of these military tactful included situations where Major General Stuart’s in the confederate army side had a maundering trek to battle region. General Robert Lee tendered to use of latitude directions that cost him in the reconnaissance of union forces. Gen lee tried to use latitudes to choose most of its routes by this proved to be inefficient way of combating enemy lines.


This battle of Gettysburg had some social and cultural aspects that were portrayed afterwards.   Most writers found the battle to be irresistibly attractive and made it a subject to be followed by most readers and professional elite beings.

In The Times of London, information was supplied concerning the American Civil War

(Battle of Gettysburg ) Newspaper report made the social network of individuals and homesteads.

Bruce Catton displayed in This Hallowed Ground, the great battle of Gettysburg and gave out the attitude of the battle suggesting of its momentum and thus it was inevitable. He suggested that the confederate army first made the real contact.

The confederate army had to keep on with the supplies of food and ensure a steady fast supply of resources .They scooped food from nearby farms that were fertile to keep up with the large supply of food that was required by the starved army.

There were high cases of tension in the war zone and every individual had to cope with what they got, the cultural behavior in the course of the war was mainly absorbed by high interactions within the battle. Both forces become deadly while they were arranged in sequences.

Primary Source The battle of Gettysburg is primarily stipulated from one major primary source that deals with what a particular individual saw in the course of the battle. In this regard we can look at the author Tillie Pierce’s “What a Girl Saw and Heard of the Battle” who reveals of exactly what happened  in the town of Gettysburg during the first day  the civil war erupted.

In conclusion of the battle of Gettysburg we can explain the thesis of the essay through different cultural/social, military and political aspects that surrounded the battle of Gettysburg. The authors clearly understood the two leaders that are eminent in the battle that is union major Meade Gordon George of Potomac union and General Robert Lee of confederate of the northern war side. They tried to explain how the battle took place and its condition and influence in the long run. This victory is attributed to the good readership qualities that were portrayed by the victor leader that is union Major George Gordon Meade.

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