Adolf Hitler History
Many people associate Adolf Hitler with an image of a crazy, mentally ill man characterized by incomprehensible evil. Even today, no one can forget his direct responsibility for the unimaginable suffering and deaths of millions of innocent people. Brutality and atrocity committed by the Nazis as well as Hitler’s direct role in the Final Solution, the severe plan to exterminate Jews in Europe, are regarded as the most significant events in the history of humankind. Hitler remains an important and controversial figure, whose dramatic and abusive childhood defined his further external malevolence, and simply labeling him an evil will not convey the theorists’ psychoanalytic contributions to understanding the destructive personality of the 20th-century tyrant.
From the psychoanalytic perspective, Hitler’s personality shaped in his childhood (Kubizek, 2011). Regarding the psychosexual stages, Freud mentions that the human personality evolves through the different stages at a young age (Vitelli, 2014). A healthy personality is developed if psychosexual stages are successfully accomplished. However, some people cannot properly complete every stage during their childhood. In this case, fixation takes place. The childhood influences and events decisively contribute to the development of personal features in the early adulthood. Fixed ideas and compulsions reflect an inadequate response to any unresolved conflict from early stages of development.
Because of poor and abusive childhood, Adolf Hitler developed insecurity feelings and thoughts. The defense mechanisms were also evolved, and they remained present in his adult behavior. As a child, Hitler faced a loss. He lost his brother, having altered from an intelligent and happy kid into a detached and the morose boy. Hitler adored his mother but hated own father because of his abusive attitude. Therefore, Hitler’s unstable thoughts and feelings led to the constant fear and anxiety. Bryan (2010) mentions that tyrant ideas regarding racial hygiene reflected his own obsessions and compulsions to kill and torture innocent people.
In his personality theory, Freud points out that the human personality is determined in the way of interaction with the outside world. According to Maccoby (2012), Freud referenced such personality types as being narcissistic, erotic, and obsessive. Regarding Hitler’s personality, the psychoanalyst’ theory attributed the Nazi leader to the narcissistic type. However, at the same time, the dictator displayed traits of the erotic and obsessive personality types. As a narcissistic personality, he was a self-defining person, who would decide for himself what was right, wrong, and appropriate to him. Freud emphasized a single-minded vision as the most important feature of the narcissist. He also explained that a man of this personality type preferred not to pay attention to what other people said or did because he was focused on pursuing his vision.
Adolf Hitler was well-known for holding himself in high regard. He often compared himself to a demigod, and he was proud of his achievements and deeds. Hitler enjoyed the success of Nazi troops, largely attributing their achievements to his genius. Certainly, the tyrant’s vision required explanation since he forcefully imposed his ideology onto the non-Aryans.
The Freud’s theory also suggested that erotic and obsessive type qualities were displayed in Hitler’s behavior. The obsessive type included Hitler’s aggressive and despotic styles, his preference for stability and order, refusal to be questioned, and assertion that he was always right. These qualities mesmerized the crowd, who admired the conviction and strength of the public person. Hitler’s associates were less enthusiastic about this style and agreed that the man’s obsessive qualities were quite similar to those of his father.
The erotic personality type was represented in the Hitler’s experience when dealing with the public. He delivered passionate speeches and recognized that he provoked intense infectious feelings of admiration, power, and love among his proponents. Numerous attempts have been made to comprehend Adolf Hitler and recognize what could have led this man to commit awful and inhumane atrocities on such a large scale. People sought to find an explanation of Hitler as a phenomenon and came to the conclusion that the main dictator of the 20th century was merely evil.
Seventy years passed after Hitler’s death, but many people still know who he was. Even in the 21st century, no one can forget the tyrant’s inhuman and cruel behavior. He evoked sad feelings about the war that led to deaths of millions of innocent people. The life of the German chancellor has never been easy since he was constantly abused by his father. Unfortunately, his mother could not protect him. Hitler’s childhood determined his later life. Perhaps, he could have become an influential national leader, and World War II would have never occurred, if childhood were happy and healthy. The dictator’s life was full of negative moments that he did not mention in his book “Mein Kampf”. Adolf Hitler was the man of neurotic personality, who developed numerous psychological issues in his adulthood, which he could not finally overcome (Vitelli, 2014). The feelings of anxiety and insecurity developed since childhood and led to the emergence of obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior in the adult life.
Sigmund Freud’s psychological analysis suggests that experience at a young age deeply suppresses within a human’s unconscious mind. It could have irreversibly influenced the early development and affected Adolf Hitler’s anti-Semitic and malevolence discourse. The tyrant and dictator suffered from the deeply destructive disorders that he experienced throughout his life. These psychological issues led to the development of a disturbed character of the man, whose behavior and beliefs were not easy to comprehend. However, what is even more interesting, is how a deeply a disturbed man could attain power and exert influence over millions of Germans. Interestingly, the vast majority of Hitler’s supporters were not afflicted with the psychological pathology yet committed such horrible and inhumane acts.