Adolf Hitler would be never forgotten, as he was not only a dictator of Germany but also a person who has shaken the world and caused one of the biggest tragedies of humanity, the World War II. Born in Austria, he has become the leader of the Nazi party, which stands for National Socialist German Workers Party. He was the German chancellor from 1933 until 1945 and a dictator of this country since 1934 until 1945. Thereafter, the objective of the following paper is to discuss the life and biography of Adolf Hitler.
Hitler was born on April 20 in 1889 in Austria and he spent the majority of his childhood there. His father, Alois Hitler, retired from the state customer service and lived with his family in Linz. Hitler was afraid of his father and disliked him much, but he had good relations with his mother, who died in 1907 after much suffering. The future dictator has never advanced more than secondary education and right after his school graduation Hitler paid a visit to Vienna and wanted to become an artist, though failed an art exam. Once Hitler came back from Vienna to Linz, he started to live on his family money left after the death of his parents. Nevertheless, by 1909 he faced poverty. He found some temporary job and in 1913 moved to Munich, which is believed to be a time when Hitler started to experience the anti-Semitic attitude and shared his ideas with the Germans around his surroundings. However, he had personal relationships with Jews in Vienna as a part of his business depended on them. In Vienna, two political movements, one of them being the influence of Karl Lueger who supported anti-Semitism, affected Hitler. While anti-Semitic attitude was not ideological there, it had a practical shape and was smartly organized (Maser, 1973).
Hitler’s attitude was shaped much during the World War I, where he served after he had joined the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment. During the war, Hitler was constantly in the front line, was wounded, and even received the honor known as the Iron Cross, Second Class in 1916. It was a good time for him as he found that the discipline and the war were a perfect platform for his personal development while civilian life was too tranquil for him.
The defeat of the Germans in 1919 was a discouraging event for Hitler, which was followed by the social and political chaos. Therefore, in 1919, he started his first political program in Munich by joining a small Party of German Workers still being a part of the army. He left it eventually and devoted himself to the improvement of his political career. During that time, the mentioned party turned to become the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (Nazi) (Maiolo, 1998).
It is important to mention that the World War I affected Hitler and he is believed to be the ‘legacy’ of it. The crushing Peace of Versailles influenced the Germans much due to the fact that the country lost nearly 15% of its territory with its population. Hitler would not have come to power if the misery of the Germans and their frustration due to the war loss had not facilitated that, and apparently, his reign was inevitable (Schwabe, 2014). Bavaria experienced most of the disappointment because of the war loss. Thus, it disliked the government that was in Berlin and had separatist views by that time. Moreover, some units of the army were not keen to come back to civilian life. Therefore, they organized multiple gatherings with Munich being a center of all meetings. At the same time, many of them had started to join the Nazi party. Ernst Röhm was one of the staff members, who helped Hitler to come to power. He recruited the “strong arm” squads, who were further used not only for the protection of the party meetings but also to attack communists and socialists, who started to exercise the power of violence and intimidation. The army units were further known as SA (Sturmabteilung).
Due to favorable conditions of small party growth, Hitler managed to infiltrate inside and started to demonstrate strong vision, mission, and leadership abilities to guide it to victory. His personal ambitions and propaganda affected other leaders within the party by causing friction among them. Moreover, Hitler used blackmail to get the full access and possibility to manage the party, its funds, and its future direction. In 1921, he became a leader of the Nazi party and created a mass movement that helped him to fight with any kind of resilience towards his management. His propaganda was rather effective, as he used a newspaper known as Popular Observer. The latter made Hitler popular, hence eventually increasing the number of people who started to attend his party meetings to thousands. Because Hitler was smart and had strong leadership skills, his fame overshadowed other political leaders of that time. Some of these leaders became his political and personal advisors.
The attempt to conduct the first national revolution was made in 1923, which resulted in Hitler’s injury and death of four police officers. He was sentenced to five years in prison, but he spent only 9 months there, writing his political work and biography known as Mein Kampf. It was a time when Hitler realized that he needed to come to power only through legal ways (Maiolo, 1998).
It is also relevant to mention that many scholars believe that Hitler suffered from a certain type of psychological disorder. Otherwise, it is hard to find an explanation why this person made such outrageous things to humanity, being simply believed to be ‘evil’. Thus, he is highly likely to be exposed to multiple internal psychological disorders. However, surprising is the fact that many people have followed his commands and committed atrocious crimes of their free will (Hyland, Boduszek, & Kielkiewicz, 2011).
The ideas of Hitter were simple enough to be understood by ordinary German people, whom he saw as the superior nation, which was betrayed by the Weimar German Republic that was ruining the country of that time. He managed smartly to safeguard himself and the party, ensuring that the Fuhrer and his close followers should be projected and should be running the country. Hitler wanted to eliminate the Jews and was a great opponent of Marxism. He described the Jews as the root of all ‘evil’ and wanted them to be extinct.
Right after Adolf Hitler left the prison, he faced strong opposition and was forbidden to give speeches, but his party started to regain its power in 1926. The depression of the economy in 1929 turned out to be a perfect opportunity for Hitler to make a deal with Nationalist Alfred Hugenberg and reach a nationwide audience. The Nazi party gained additional support and funds; thus, middle-class people strayed to gain fame due to employment increase and the belief that the country would be powerful again. Even though Hitler did not win the presidential election in 1932, in 1933, he occupied the position of the chancellor of Germany.
Once he came to power, Hitler started to use an autocratic leadership style and dictatorship. The new election brought a winning to his party and he turned to execution and other unethical and illegal methods to eliminate all possible resistance and rivals of that time. Thus, Hitler spent the time to allocate his administration smartly so that he would further concentrate on occupying other territories of the world. He opted for Poland and USSR while he first saw Britain as a possible ally and France as an enemy. His initial idea was to reunite the German nation and to remove the inequalities of the Versailles Treaty. The UK was not his ally, but he managed to have a union with Benito Mussolini. In 1937, he attended the secret meeting with Stalin and took all the Czech Republic over his protectorate in 1939. The same year, on 1 September, he attacked Poland and the begging of the World War II was officially declared. Then came the period of war, where Hitler showed himself as a strong leader, who led many strategic battles successfully. He was committing extra violent crimes, where people were not only massively murdered but also tortured and submitted to German doctors to hold atrocious inhumane experiment over a human body. Germany lost the war, but Hitler was not courageous enough to face it. Therefore, he is believed to have committed suicide in 1945. Before that, he married Eva Braun and had children with her, who were all found dead (Maiolo, 1998).
In conclusion, it is important to mention that the history of Hitler is one of those dictators, which should never take place again. Talented by nature, he could have done many good things for Germany, but instead he turned to outrageous actions and murdered millions of people.